Monday, November 21, 2016

Virginia opioid addiction crisis declared a Public Health Emergency

vhha-opioidGovernor Terry McAuliffe today announced that State Health Commissioner Marissa J. Levine, MD, MPH, FAAFP, has declared the Virginia opioid addiction crisis a Public Health Emergency.

State Health Commissioner Dr. Marissa Levine’s declaration that the opioid addiction crisis is a Public Health Emergency is an important and appropriate step in the ongoing campaign to combat this issue. The human costs of this epidemic are staggering he said.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 61 percent of U.S. drug overdose deaths in 2014 involved some type of opioid and resulted in 28,647 deaths. Since the turn of the century, the CDC reports, the rate of overdose deaths involving opioids has increased 200 percent. Virginia’s numbers are also troubling. From 2007-2015, 4,036 deaths in the Commonwealth were related to prescription opioid overdoses. And from 2011-2014, more than 1,300 Virginia babies were born with neonatal abstinence syndrome due to a mother’s drug use.

This declaration comes in response to the growing number of overdoses attributed to opioid use, and evidence that Carfentanil, a highly dangerous synthetic opioid used to sedate large animals such as elephants, has made its way its way into Virginia. A Public Health Emergency is an event, either natural or manmade, that creates a health risk to the public.

Governor McAuliffe supports Dr. Levine’s decision to declare a public health emergency, to heighten awareness of this issue and to provide a framework for further actions to fight it, and to save Virginians’ lives.

The Virginia Hospital & Healthcare Association’s Board of Directors this year called for the development of emergency department opioid prescribing guidelines that have been distributed in hospitals throughout the Commonwealth. The Association has worked with Governor Terry McAuliffe’s Task Force on Prescription Drug and Heroin Abuse. VHHA also supported bi-partisan legislation focused on curbing opioid abuse, and state funding for substance use disorder treatment services for Medicaid beneficiaries.

In partnership with Virginia’s Board of Pharmacy, Department of Health Professions and Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services, Dr. Levine has issued a standing order that allows all Virginians to obtain the drug Naloxone, which can be used to treat narcotic overdoses in emergency situations.

The standing order serves as a prescription written for the general public, rather than specifically for an individual, removing a barrier to access.

Secretary of Health and Human Resources Dr. Bill Hazel stated: “This declaration helps us respond in a nimble way to a rapidly changing threat, while the Naloxone standing order from Dr. Levine broadens our ability to get life-saving medication into Virginians’ hands.”

Virginia’s community hospitals and health systems continue to partner with state government, elected leaders, and the health care community in the fight against the deadly effects of opioid abuse.

Virginia State Health Commissioner Dr. Marissa Levine said, “Too many Virginia families have lost someone to opioid addiction. These actions today will not diminish their loss, but we owe it to them and each other to work together, watch out for each other and continue to combat the seriousness of this crisis.”

“Opioid abuse is devastating communities across the Commonwealth, including my home region of the Eastern Shore,” said Lieutenant Governor Dr. Ralph Northam. “As we move forward, we must continue to address the challenges of addiction and chronic pain management, including holding providers accountable for over-prescription.”

“My team and I worked with a bipartisan coalition to expand Naloxone availability because we knew it could save lives and prevent the tragedy and heartbreak that too many Virginia families already know,” said Attorney General Mark Herring. “This landmark standing order that will make this lifesaving overdose antidote even more widely available.”

By the end of 2016, the numbers of fatal opioid overdose deaths are expected to increase by 77 percent, compared to five years ago. In 2014, for the first time in Virginia, more people died from opioid overdoses than fatal car accidents. Emergency department visits for heroin overdose for January-September 2016 increased 89 percent, compared to the same nine-month period in 2015. In the first half of 2016, the total number of fatal drug overdoses in Virginia increased 35 percent, when compared to the same time period in 2015, and in 2013, fatal drug overdoses became the number one cause of unnatural death.

Pharmacists play an important role in combating opioid addiction,” said Virginia Board of Pharmacy Executive Director Caroline D. Juran, RPh. “By allowing Naloxone to be safely and responsibly issued by pharmacists to anyone in Virginia, friends and family members of individuals struggling with addiction can take a much-needed step towards preventing overdoses of loved ones.”

Dr. Jack Barber, Interim Commissioner with the Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services stated, “It is important that all Virginians learn how to recognize the signs of addiction and be able to help those struggling with addiction to seek care.”

There are simple things every Virginian can do to help those around them:

1)      Know the signs of addiction and substance use: Signs of recent opioid use include pinpoint pupils, sleepiness, “nodding” and scratching. Common signs of addiction include constant money problems; arrests; track marks and infections from needle use; lying about drug use; irritability and, when drugs can’t be obtained, physical withdrawal symptoms such as shaking, dilated pupils, nausea, diarrhea and vomiting.

2)      Talk to your loved ones: If you suspect that your friend or family member is struggling with addiction and substance use, talk with them. The state’s new website VaAware ( offers resources on how to best discuss addiction with someone you love.

3)      Properly dispose of medications: If you have unused, expired or unwanted medications and need a way to safely dispose of them, you can now get a drug disposal bag from your Local Health Department. The bags allow for you to safely deactivate and dispose of medications in the privacy of your own home. Additionally, you may return unwanted prescription drugs for destruction to one of the authorized pharmacies listed at Some local law enforcement agencies also collect and destroy unwanted drugs.

4)      Obtain Naloxone: If someone in your life is struggling with opioid addiction, visit your local pharmacist to obtain Naloxone and keep it on hand for possible overdose emergencies. Naloxone is a medication that can reverse an overdose that is caused by an opioid drug (i.e. prescription pain medication or heroin). When administered during an overdose, naloxone blocks the effects of opioids on the brain and restores breathing within two to eight minutes. Naloxone has been used safely by medical professionals for more than 40 years and has only one function: to reverse the effects of opioids on the brain and respiratory system in order to prevent death. Family members and friends can access this medication by obtaining a prescription from their family doctor or by visiting a participating pharmacy that can dispense the drug using the standing order issued by Dr. Levine. More information on Naloxone can be found at

5)      Learn more: DBHDS provides Opioid Overdose and Naloxone Education (OONE) to professionals, stakeholders and others through their REVIVE! program. Learn more about REVIVE! at

VHHA and local Virginia hospitals have worked collaboratively with law enforcement, community partners, and other stakeholders to bring planning, resources, and action to the fight against opioid abuse.

Learn more about some of that work here, here, and here.

Posted By Valerie Garner

Categories: Business, Community, Education

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